Characteristic Patterns in Three Kinds of USA Churches:
The Program Base Design Church (PBD)
1. Size: Worship attendance greater than 300.
2. Priorities: focus more on performance quality than on people relationships. (Quality Activities)
____ % of young families are attracted to this church. (1994) .
3. Pastoring The majority of large church attenders expect to know their pastor primarily through large gatherings, such as worship, funerals, weddings, and fellowship dinners, and through what he or she writes in the newsletter. (Very critical of lack of quality of performance.)
4. Personnel: Large churches, by contrast, rely far more on paid professional staff, who give direction to lay leaders and members for accomplishing ministries.
5. Programming: Large church attenders, by contrast, expect a cafeteria of programming that meets the spiritual, emotional, and physical needs of persons at every age and stage of development. (Smorgasbord)
6. Participation: Large church attenders, on the other hand, are expected to pick and choose the church activities in which they participate. Members who do not attend everything are not viewed as disloyal or alienated. (Like a cafeteria line – take your pick)
7. Procedures: Large church attenders expect to delegate a great deal of authority to the senior minister, staff and elected and appointed governing-board members. The large church attender expects a representative democracy in which leadership decisions are taken care of for us by people who know a great deal about what we should do because they have inside information.
8. Property Large church attenders expect people to treat the church building like a public institution through which much traffic flows for many different reasons. Their attenders do not expect everyone to take good care of the building, and they expect high maintenance costs.
9. Pastoral Staff: One professionally trained pastor for every one hundred members who attend worship PLUS paid specialists wherever needed to ensure quality.
10. Planning and Preparation: A complex congregational life requires a long time span for planning and preparation, often 36 months or more in advance.
11. System Model & Response to conflict
The model for the large church is a large club. People enjoy being a part when the club brings meaning to their life, positive relationships and enjoyable times. In the presence of conflict they first become passive, and then drop out. “Life is too short to put up with this…”
12. Leadership & Decisions: The professional staff leads the church because they have more information and are more able to keep the complexity running smoothly.
Question: Which side are you on? (issues)
13. Delegation & Supervision: Responsibility and power are delegated to lay leaders who supervise their areas with support from the staff. Policies & goals are approved, but methods are often determined by those doing the work.
NOTE (my response)
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