English Laws that discriminated against Nonconformists or Dissenters

Nonconformist (or Non-conformist) was a term used in England and Wales after the Act of Uniformity 1662 to refer to a Protestant Christian who did not “conform” to the governance and usages of the established Church of EnglandEnglish Dissenters (such as Puritans) who violated the Act of Uniformity 1559 may retrospectively be considered Nonconformists, typically by practising or advocating radical, sometimes separatist, dissent with respect to the established state church. By the late 19th-century the term included ReformedChristians (Presbyterians and Congregationalists), Baptists and (eventually) Methodists, among other groups. Historically, Nonconformists were restricted from many spheres of public life.

Note: the following quote identifies and provides links to laws which discriminated against Protestant ideas and religion that was not that of the dominant Church of England.

The Act of Uniformity 1662 required the use of all the rites and ceremonies in the Book of Common Prayer in church services.[1] It also required episcopal ordination for all ministers. As a result, nearly 2,000 clergymen were “ejected” from the established church for not conforming to the provisions of the Act.[1] Subsequently, a Nonconformist was an English subject belonging to any non-Anglican church or to a non-Christian religion. A person who also advocated religious liberty may be more narrowly considered as such.[2]

Presbyterians, CongregationalistsBaptists, and those less organized, were considered Nonconformists at the time of the 1662 Act of Uniformity. Later, as other groups formed, they were also considered Nonconformists. These included MethodistsUnitariansQuakers,Plymouth BrethrenEnglish Moravians, and The Salvation Army.[3]

The term “dissenter” came into use particularly after the Act of Toleration (1689), which exempted nonconformists who had taken the oaths of allegiance from penalties for non-attendance at the services of the Church of England.[4]

The religious census of 1851 revealed that total Nonconformist attendance was very close to that of Anglicans. In most of the chief manufacturing areas, Nonconformists clearly outnumbered members of the Church of England.[5] Nonconformist chapel attendance significantly outnumbered Anglican church attendance in Wales by 1850.[6]

The different Nonconformists campaigned together against the Test and Corporation Acts that had been passed by Parliament in the 17th century.[5] These acts excluded Nonconformists from holding civil or military office. Attendance at an English university had required conformity to the Church of England before University College London (UCL) was founded, compelling Nonconformists to fund their ownDissenting Academies privately.

The Tories in the House of Commons tended to be in favour of these acts and so the Nonconformist cause was linked closely to the Liberal Party, who advocated civil and religious liberty.[5] After the Test and Corporation Acts were repealed in 1828, all the Nonconformists elected to Parliament were Liberals.[5]

Nonconformists were angered by the Education Act 1902, which integrated denominational schools into the state system and provided for their support from taxes. John Cliffordformed the National Passive Resistance Committee and by 1906 over 170 Nonconformists had gone to prison for refusing to pay school taxes.[7][8] They included 60 Primitive Methodists, 48 Baptists, 40 Congregationalists, and 15 Wesleyan Methodists.



This post is provides material from Wikipedia with links to articles and information on English History which forms the background for the development of Methodism. While it is lightly edited, the source is Wikipedia unless noted below. Links above are recognized by blue underlined text and lead to other articles. The major article(s) quoted here are:


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