the third strongest negative factor to making disciples is church size

This entry is part 62 of 118 in the series Diagnosis, Dialogue, Decision: A DMin Project

Natural Church Development research indicates that the third strongest negative factor to making disciples is church size:[1]

The growth rate of churches decreased with increasing size. This fact in and of itself came as no great surprise, because in large churches the percentages represent many more people. But when we converted the percentages into raw numbers, we were dumbfounded. Churches in the smallest size category (under 100 in attendance) had won an average of 32 new people over the past five years; churches with 100-200 in worship also won 32; churches between 200-300 average 39 new individuals; churches between 300-400 won 25. So a ‘small’ church wins just as many people for Christ as a ‘large’ one, and what’s more, two churches with 200 in worship on Sunday will win twice as many new people as one church with 400 in attendance.[2]

Schwarz found that the average growth rate in smaller churches was 13% over five years, whereas in larger churches it was a mere 3%. A small church with an average attendance of fifty-one typically produced thirty-two persons in five years; megachurches in their sample averaged 2,856 in attendance but converted only 112 new persons. The same number of persons participating in fifty-six small churches averaging fifty-one in attendance would have produced 1,792 converts in five years.[3]





[1] The quote is a selection from David O. Kueker’s Fuller Seminary Doctor of Ministry project submitted in September, 2007, entitled Diagnosis, Dialogue, and Decision: A Threefold Process of Revitalization For the Illinois Great Rivers Conference.
It is shared here in recognition of its 12th Anniversary along with comments to update and provide perspective on the material. The original project was a Training Manual/Study Guide of three Seminars supported by three chapters of research and an Introduction. The material is available for download at In 2009 it was provided for purchase as a softcover book entitled Designing Discipleship Systems: Christian Disciple Making For Any Size Church, Any Theology through

[2][3] [4][5] [6][7] [8]

All Scripture quotations are from the Revised Standard Version of the Bible, copyright © 1946, 1952, and 1971 National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved. Please review the page How and Why We Use Quotes.

[1]Schwarz, Natural Church Development, 46. The other two negative factors are liberal theology and traditionalism. Cf. Schwarz, Natural Church Development, 46, 28-29. These two negative factors combined with laxity result in the institutionalization of the church. Rodney Stark, For The Glory of God (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003), 26.

[2]Schwarz, Natural Church Development, 46-47.

[3]Schwarz, Natural Church Development, 46-48. Cf. Neil Cole, Organic Church: Growing Faith Where Life Happens (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2005), 94.

Series Navigation<< Smaller churches are considered doomed, without hope, and in need of hospice careThese large “receptor” churches grow primarily by assimilating converts produced in other churches. >>
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